A discussion on the ethics of bureaucracies

I draw my analysis principally from these two organizations.

On the fast track Managers see what happened to the vice president as completely capricious, but completely understandable. However, indigenous communities wanting to participate in other stages of the research and to take some control over research activities is clearly described in the report, under item of sub-chapter 2. Who gets credit? It is a document that must be produced and signed by both parties before the start of any research involving humans. The new president of the chemical company, one of these five, had risen from a small but important specialty chemicals division in the former company. The process was long and we were constantly affected by questions regarding rules and protocols to defend research ethics and vulnerable subjects. I concentrated most of my substantive work in the two companies where my access was broadest—in the large textile company and particularly in the large chemical company. This leads to the use of an elaborate linguistic code marked by emotional neutrality, especially in group settings. The risk, it seems, is that ethics will be known as a bureaucratic process, manufactured and aligned with interests and objectives that make no sense outside the logic of its creators. Patron power To advance, a manager must have a patron, also called a mentor, a sponsor, a rabbi, or a godfather. These were the issues that first guided data collection in our research and caused redirections.

The second set of questions concerns the welfare of those participating as subjects in the research. Therefore, the experience described herein predates this resolution and, considering that this achievement is neither definitive nor final, we still believe that sharing this experience can contribute to discussions in the field of ethics and the operational flows that strive to guarantee it in all research.


The need for adequate ethical guidelines for qualitative health research. Q J Med.

Foundation of bureaucratic ethics

We started keeping a field diary to document the obstacles and difficulties of each step, thus creating a guide to which subjects needed attention and future discussions. The documents required must be sent directly to the presidency of the institution and, according to the regulations, be analyzed by the General Coordination of Studies and Research CGEP. The protection of their interests was then viewed as dependent on the promotion and maintenance of their cultural patrimony, opening the possibility of the indigenous communities themselves defending their rights Souza; Barbosa, The researcher is responsible for minimizing these risks and restituting in case of damages. This leads to a mobility panic at the middle levels which, in turn, has crucial consequences for pinpointing responsibility in the organization. The Nuremberg Code , created to assist the judgement of Nazi criminals, and the Helsinki Declaration, which establishes guidelines for clinical research since , are milestones that serve as basis for documents and resolutions dealing with research ethics in several countries Guerriero; Minayo, However, that point is never exactly defined and always depends on the complicated politics of each situation. The article also states that consent and assent can be obtained through oral, written, sign language or other , and becomes valid for various forms of registration, such as writing, sound, magnetic or others.

Each manager gathers up the profit targets or other objectives of his or her subordinates, and with these formulates his commitments to his boss; this boss takes these commitments, and those of his other subordinates, and in turn makes a commitment to his boss.

They may leave behind them deteriorating plants and unsafe working conditions, but they know that if they move quickly enough, the blame will fall on others.

Corporations discourage narrow specialization more strongly as one goes higher.

A discussion on the ethics of bureaucracies

By sharing this experience, this article intends to incite debates on the ethical implications of situations in which neutrality is replaced by bonds, as well as to demystify the idea that simplifying overly bureaucratic procedures would be a threat to ethical principles. Corporations do demand, of course, a basic competence and sometimes specified training and experience; hiring patterns usually ensure these. So the question remains, how to ensure ethics despite forms and protocols? Temporary authorization in hand, issued by Funai, we were there to consult with the leaderships. At the same time, they realize that this sort of thing could easily happen to them. Luck seems to be as good an explanation as any of why, after a certain point, some people succeed and others fail. Perhaps most important, a shake-up rearranges the fealty structure of the corporation, placing in power those barons whose style and public image mesh closely with that of the new CEO. Ramos et al. Social definitions of performance Surely, one might argue, there must be more to success in the corporation than style, personality, team play, chameleonic adaptability, and fortunate connections. Usually, seniors do not tell juniors they are nonpromotable though the verdict may be common knowledge among senior peer groups. At this stage, we experienced an impasse. In this sense, bureaucracies may be thought of as vast systems of organized irresponsibility. The Nuremberg Code , created to assist the judgement of Nazi criminals, and the Helsinki Declaration, which establishes guidelines for clinical research since , are milestones that serve as basis for documents and resolutions dealing with research ethics in several countries Guerriero; Minayo, There are over CEPs linked to Conep. It means publicly extolling the carefulness of testing procedures on toxic chemicals while privately ridiculing animal tests as inapplicable to humans.

Each company is, in effect, a self-sufficient organization, though they are all coordinated by the corporation, and each president reports directly to the corporate CEO. Stating the long time it took to acquire authorization, without context, is not coherent.

In either case the manager is still bound by the immediate, formal authority and fealty patterns of his position; the new—although more ambiguous—fealty relationships with the patron are added. My access to the latter two businesses was limited to a series of interviews with top executive officers, some observation, and some access to internal company documents. I also had extensive access to internal company documents and publications. O Estado de S. One is the sense of organizational contingency. It was an ideology that extolled the virtues of accumulating wealth in a society organized around property and that accepted the stewardship responsibilities entailed by property. The Federal Constitution of , by defending the cultural differences of the indigenous communities, represented a great advance. At the middle level, credit for a particular success is always a type of refracted social honor; one cannot claim credit even if it is earned. The code communicates the meaning one might wish to convey to other managers, but since it is devoid of any significant emotional sentiment, it can be reinterpreted should social relationships or attitudes change. Some managers become very adept at milking businesses and showing a consistent record of high returns.
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Research ethics review and the bureaucracy.