Living with the down syndrome causes and symptoms

Some people with Down syndrome marry. They take care of themselves, do household chores, develop friendships, do leisure activities, and work in their communities.

causes of down syndrome

Amniocentesis: At 15—20 weeks, they may obtain a small amount of amniotic fluid for analysis, using a needle inserted into the abdomen.

This condition puts them at risk of serious injury to the spinal cord from overextension of the neck. Having had one child with Down syndrome.

How is down syndrome inherited

Once a woman has given birth to a baby with trisomy 21 nondisjunction or translocation, it is estimated that her chances of having another baby with trisomy 21 is 1 in up until age Down Syndrome What is Down Syndrome? AT BIRTH Down syndrome is usually identified at birth by the presence of certain physical traits: low muscle tone, a single deep crease across the palm of the hand, a slightly flattened facial profile and an upward slant to the eyes. Down syndrome occurs in people of all races and economic levels, though older women have an increased chance of having a child with Down syndrome. Down syndrome is named for the English physician John Langdon Down, who characterized the condition, but did not have it. They photograph the chromosomes and then group them by size, number, and shape. But with help and support, most people are able to have healthy, active and more independent lives. Diagnostic tests include: Chorionic villus sampling: At 8—12 weeks, a doctor might obtain a tiny sample of placenta for analysis, using a needle inserted into the cervix or the abdomen. They experience the full range of emotions. In people with Down's syndrome, all or some of the cells in their bodies contain 47 chromosomes, as there is an extra copy of chromosome However, individual needs vary and some parents feel a special school will be most suitable for their child.

Individuals with Down syndrome possess varying degrees of cognitive delays, from very mild to severe. The presence of this extra part of chromosome 21 causes some Down syndrome characteristics.

down syndrome symptoms during pregnancy

What are possible complications of Down syndrome in a child? With every pregnancy, there is a small chance of having a child with Down's syndrome.

How is down syndrome diagnosed

Most screening tests involve a blood test and an ultrasound sonogram. The blood tests or serum screening tests measure quantities of various substances in the blood of the mother. Diagnosing Down's syndrome Screening during pregnancy can determine the likelihood of a baby being born with Down's syndrome, but in many cases the condition is only diagnosed after birth. These may include: Amniocentesis. If your doctor needs to confirm the diagnosis, a sample of your child's blood can be taken and analysed to look for the extra copy of chromosome 21 that causes Down's syndrome. Your child should get regular hearing tests so any problems can be treated early. Heart problems Around half of children with Down's syndrome are born with a congenital heart defect. Genetic ultrasound: At 18—20 weeks, doctors combine a detailed ultrasound with blood test results. This is a hole inside one of the walls that separate the four chambers of the heart, often referred to as a "hole in the heart". Diagnostic tests include: Chorionic villus sampling: At 8—12 weeks, a doctor might obtain a tiny sample of placenta for analysis, using a needle inserted into the cervix or the abdomen. Know what to expect if your child does not take the medicine or have the test or procedure.

Most people with Down's syndrome who have a problem with their thyroid have hypothyroidismwhich means their thyroid gland is underactive. Giving birth can be exciting, scary and tiring, and finding out your baby has Down's syndrome can be unexpected and alarming.

how to prevent down syndrome
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Down Syndrome: Causes, Types, and Symptoms