The contributions of cardinal richelieu and

The contributions of cardinal richelieu and

Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Worthy use of Leisure 7. Richelieu, however, survived the scheme, and Marie was exiled as a result. He supported, through subsidies various Protestant armies in Germany that were fighting the Catholic armies of the Hapsburgs. This system gave way to centralized power under Richelieu. As a result, Richelieu was became disliked by most of the nobility. In , Richelieu also sent money to Ernst von Mansfeld , a famous mercenary general operating in Germany in English service. When Concini was murdered in , it appeared as if the political career of Richelieu was over. However, all of this came at a cost. His reforms of the Navy meant that the French could secure new colonies, especially in the eighteenth century. Richelieu administrative reforms did much to change France from a feudal to a modern state. France was not openly at war with the Empire, so aid was given secretly.

When he came to power the French colony in New France Canada was in decline. To collect taxes more efficiently, and to keep corruption to a minimum, Richelieu bypassed local tax officials, replacing them with intendants officials in the direct service of the Crown.

The Cardinal was one of the pivotal figures in the history of Quebec and Francophone Canada. Richelieu, however, was aware of the plan, and quickly convinced the King to repent.

Cardinal richelieu accomplishments

Himself an author of various religious and political works most notably his Political Testament , he funded the literary careers of many writers. Crises in France, including a rebellion of the Huguenots , rendered Richelieu a nearly indispensable advisor to the King. In , Richelieu was made Secretary of State, and was given responsibility for foreign affairs. Early life Richelieu was born in Paris on September 9, , he was the fourth of five children and the last of three sons. He also reorganized the bureaucracy and sought to curb the power of the nobles. Moreover, the English king, Charles I , declared war on France in an attempt to aid the Huguenot faction. Early life[ edit ] Born in Paris, Armand du Plessis was the fourth of five children and the last of three sons: he was delicate from childhood, and suffered frequent bouts of ill-health throughout his life. The French statesman was committed to furthering the power of the monarchy and France. The Cardinal personally directed this siege, and he imitated the siege tactics of Alexander the Great to capture the strategic port. Richelieu was a bright child and excelled at his studies.

Had the imperial armies dominated this region, France's very existence would have been endangered, being circled by Habsburg territories. Marie de Medici was exiled to a chateau at Blois and Richelieu went with her.

For over a hundred years they had threatened France or interfered in her internal affairs when he became Minister he adopted a determined anti-Hapsburg policy.

Cardinal richelieu quizlet

The Cardinal at the same time, under the Peace of Alais, the Protestants still had religious freedom, but they were shorn of their military and political rights. This system gave way to centralized power under Richelieu. The agreement of the Pope having been secured, Richelieu was consecrated bishop in April Richelieu did not survive to the end of the Thirty Years' War. For over a hundred years they had threatened France or interfered in her internal affairs when he became Minister he adopted a determined anti-Hapsburg policy. However, they were still able to recruit large private armies from among their tenants and retainers. Lawrence River. After his death, the French nobility revolted in two wars known as the Frondes, that devastated France. There, he was a vigorous advocate of the Church, arguing that it should be exempt from taxes and that bishops should have more political power. The King and the duc de Luynes recalled Richelieu, believing that he would be able to reason with the Queen. Cinq-Mars was promptly arrested and executed; although Louis approved the use of capital punishment, he grew more distant from Richelieu as a result. As a result, religious toleration for Protestants, which had first been granted by the Edict of Nantes in , was permitted to continue; however, the Cardinal abolished their political rights and protections. References Belloc, Hilaire. Richelieu; a Study.

His doctors continued to bleed him frequently, further weakening him. Richelieu was displeased by the Pope's refusal to name him the papal legate in France; [59] in turn, the Pope did not approve of the administration of the French church, or of French foreign policy.

cardinal richelieu red guard

Early life Richelieu was born in Paris on September 9,he was the fourth of five children and the last of three sons.

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How did Cardinal Richelieu change France?