The different perspectives of people on animals and animal rights
And you can no more hear the cries of an animal as mere noise than you can the words of a person. Are these humans nevertheless ends in themselves?
For criticism, see Frey, For contractarians, morality emerges as a set of mutually agreed upon and enforceable constraints on human freedom, constraints that each party to the contract rationally believes to be in his or her own self-interest.
Animal rights debate
Animal Rights and Human Obligations. Not surprisingly, perhaps, a position of this kind, one that prohibits the use of nonhuman animals in the name of advancing the general human welfare, has been advanced Regan, Treating it with saintly gentleness? In view of their inability to express these interests and to negotiate with others, nonhuman animals obviously are not to be counted among the potential contractors. Osvath affidavit, pp. Related Entries 1. No philosopher or theologian has gone so far as to say that, from the moral point of view, there are no justified limits on what we may do to these animals. Given that the regulation of animals in research was developed, in part, in response to public concerns, it is pertinent that new ways of assessing attitudes toward the use of animals in research are developed that reflect a diversity of views, rather than limiting the breadth of studies by relying on convenience sampling of students. However, as Knight et al. Rowlands, Mark. Evans G. Orlans, Barbara F.
Two fundamentally opposed forms of contractarianism may be distinguished. References and Notes 1. Studies have shown that people who are politically left-wing-oriented are less supportive of animal experimentation. One problem the rights view faces concerns which nonhuman animals possess value of this kind.
Goodall, W. The possession of sentience the capacity to experience pleasure and painnot the possession of rationality, nor autonomy, nor linguistic competence, entitles any individual to direct moral consideration; and it is the possession of this particular capacity, in Bentham's and Mill's view, that creates in humans the direct duty not to cause nonhuman animals to suffer needlessly.
based on 71 review