The history of cologne cathedral history essay

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In Sundays and Holidays the tours are available at 14, Today, the main task of Cologne's cathedral workshop is to restore the stonemasonry, which is badly affected by weathering and the ravages of environmental influences as well as the conservation and protection of the valuable historical windows. Made out of black marble, with a single slab 4. The cathedral is the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe and has the second-tallest spires and largest facade of any church in the world. The 19th century work follows the medieval forms and techniques faithfully, as can be seen by comparing it with the original medieval plan on parchment. It is impossible to miss the Cathedral once you approach the city given the size of the church and the height of the giant church spires. The western section, nave and transept begun in , changes in style, but this is not perceptible in the overall building. As a result, none of the cathedral's major medieval works of art were lost. Guided tours are also available in English form Monday to Saturday between to 14,

In doing so, it pushed the boundaries of what was technically possible at the time. This work ceased inleaving the south tower complete to the belfry level and crowned with a huge crane that remained in place as a landmark of the Cologne skyline for years.

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It was also hit by artillery and various projectiles. The pier of the north tower had received a direct bomb hit, which posed a particular threat to the cathedral.

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As well as being the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe, it is also Germany's most popular monument of medieval art , receiving an average of 20, visitors a day. Guided tours are also available in English form Monday to Saturday between to 14, In the summer months between May and October it is open from AM until PM while in the winter months from November to April it is open just until Visitors can also climb to the tower of the cathedral, and the admission fee costs 3 euros. On the outside the cathedral is dark and rather menacing; inside it is just awe-inspiring. In the year the foundation stone was laid, , citizens of Cologne founded the Zentral-Dombau-Verein, an association whose goal was to raise money for the cathedral. English tours are 7 euros for adults and 5 euros for students. The area was predominantly residential. During the period of it not being finished, a construction crane hung of the Cologne skyline for years.

Other artistic masterpieces are the altarpiece of St. Inthis stained glass window was inserted to replace one that was destroyed during World War II.

Ancient site[ edit ] When construction began on the present Cologne Cathedral in with foundation stonethe site had already been occupied by several previous structures.

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Cologne Cathedral: Rayonnant Gothic Architecture