The importance of acroporal corals to the ocean environment

Elkhorn coral role

They became successful because their colonies have the highest growth rates out of all corals, paired with an ability to regenerate when broken. Introduction Coral reef ecosystems and the services they provide sustain half a billion people on Earth, but are deteriorating under the effects of climate change Cinner et al. In many cases, tourism asociated with reefs has expanded to transform the entire economy of a region. Bleached Acropora coral head, Papua New Guinea. As predicted, corals have already extended their latitudinal range pole-wards in several locations such as Japan and eastern Australia Booth et al. They represent both a World Natural Heritage by the age of reefs but also a human World Heritage because of the existence of these cultures. To parameterize the literature included in the quantitative synthesis, only studies that considered scleractinian corals or the physicochemical conditions of coral systems were included.

Renema, J. Reef animals are an important source of protein, contributing about a quarter of the fish catch average in these countries. The importance of coral reefs, however, extends far beyond the pleasure it brings to those who explore it.

Wallace, J. The reef tourism, if managed in a sustainable manner that is respectful of reefs by limiting the destruction and pollution caused by that tourism, particularly in overemphasis may provide alternative or additional resources of income for poor coastal communities in developing countries.

The ability of corals around vent sites to maintain calcification under elevated pCO2 appears to be species-specific Rodolfo-Metalpa et al.

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Why are coral reefs so important? Coral reefs play an essential role in everything from water filtration and fish reproduction to shore line protection and erosion prevention.

They represent both a World Natural Heritage by the age of reefs but also a human World Heritage because of the existence of these cultures.

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Coral health is compromised by climate change and local stress such as pollution and over-fishing. The abundance of edible sea life in healthy coral reefs, therefore make them important to human nutrition.

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Importance of Coral Reefs