The invention of writing and alphabets for kids

The invention of writing and alphabets for kids

Through the Aramaic, also the Syrian, Hebrew, Arabic and Persian scripts derive from the Phoenician alphabet and are consonant writings. The token system showed the number of units of merchandize in one-to-one correspondence, in other words, the number of tokens matched the number of units counted: x jars of oil were represented by x ovoids. For example, here is the world's oldest surviving surgical document. The pictogram is lacking. By reading one after the other as phonograms the drawing of the head and that of the mouth, it was possible to obtain the name of "Luka" "Luke". The resulting syllabary—system of phonetic signs expressing syllables—further modeled writing on to spoken language Rogers Due to the importance of ancient Greek literature and philosophy, the ancient Greek alphabet and language are again studied in many countries of the world. First, in ancient Egypt, we had Hieroglyphics, a priestly form of communication reserved for governmental, fiscal, magical, and religious purposes. The Sinai inscriptions were found in the Sinai peninsula, and they were about 20 feet apart. Eventually, the version used in the city-state of Ionia became the standard Greek alphabet. The alphabet brought data handling to a final double-stepped abstraction. This determinative helped the right interpretation of the word, not just to indicate the end of it.

Ashurbanipal was hoping to preserve the heritage, culture, and history of the region and understood clearly the importance of the written word in achieving this end. They cut it down from thousands of characters to only about twenty-four.

History of writing

Usually, the domestic animals and the agricultural products were represented by conventional signs, while for other objects and wild animals they used drawings that represented their distinctive characteristics. By using phonograms, pictograms and determinatives, the hieroglyphic writing too was a mixed writing. The first two signs are phonograms. They used these resources in order to pay for the construction of palaces and temples, to maintain the army, the court officials, the court, etc. The Maya's writing was syllabic and was used to describe the most important events which concerned the aristocratic families. These symbols represent chunks of sound. The Latin alphabet was spread through the whole of Europe and, after the big geographic discoveries, carried to America and Oceania. For example, in Sumerian the head was named "lu" and the mouth "ka". The repertory of some three hundred types of counters made it feasible to manipulate and store information on multiple categories of goods Schmandt-Besserat We can say that each letter of our alphabet has a history of its own. Logography: Shift from Visual to Aural About BC, the creation of phonetic signs—signs representing the sounds of speech—marks the second phase in the evolution of Mesopotamian writing, when, finally, the medium parted from its token antecedent in order to emulate spoken language. Like the archaic counters, the tablets were used exclusively for accounting Nissen and Heine Somebody thought to simplify things by indicating first the number and then the counted object. Instead, they present writing as something which has always existed. Each preserved over millennia features characteristic of their original prototypes.

There could be thousands of these symbols, so it took many years to learn to write. The hieroglyphic writing was at the same time phonetic, figurative and symbolic.

history of writing timeline

Powell, B. Modern information theory Video transcript piano music Brit: Informally, we can think of information as some message, stored or transmitted, using some medium.

History of the english alphabet

In this way, teachers lose the opportunity to describe a charming history which could enchant children and increase their desire to learn this ancient and refined technique of expression and communication. Originally, the writing system was used by the Sumerians, and there were over 2, different symbols in use, which could also be divided into word signs and sound signs. Any written language can be thought of in this way. This was due to a shift towards the use of phonetic symbols, or sound signs That is to say it enabled writing to leave the realm of real goods in order to enter the world of words and the ideas they stand for. Third, it streamlined the system to 22 signs, instead of several hundred. Carmina, as the Romans named poetry, meant both verses and charms; ode, among the Greeks, meant originally a magic spell; so did the English rune and lay, and the German Lied. In particular a clear and legible minuscule cursive script was devised, from which our modern day lower case derives. For example, this text is known as a marriage contract, and is one of the earliest known examples of Demotic script. After years, the token were abolished and the hollow balls were replaced with a flat clay tablet on which they simply carved the shapes of the tokens. Over time, these drawings changed into symbols. Rogers, H. Although the tokens underwent formal transformations from three- to two-dimensional and from impressed markings to signs traced with a stylus, the symbolism remained fundamentally the same. Glossary Abstraction: Consider the property of an item dissociated from any specific instance.

The idea of an alphabet is a powerful method for transmitting and storing information. The Greeks added a new twist by adding vowels and deciding how each letter should be pronounced. For example, here is a document recording someone's stock of animal hides, and this type of writing evolved to suit other needs.

Brief history of writing

First, in ancient Egypt, we had Hieroglyphics, a priestly form of communication reserved for governmental, fiscal, magical, and religious purposes. When a name required several phonetic units, they were assembled in a rebus fashion. Writing may have been invented independently three times in different parts of the world: in the Near East, China and Mesoamerica. Greece rediscovered the writing only 4 centuries after, with the arrival of the Phoenician alphabet. When humans began developing writing systems, we naturally had to divide our world into a finite number of atomic units which we express using symbols. The cuneiform and hieroglyphic writings comprised many hundreds of symbols and so they were complex to learn and also difficult to use. In other words, writing was used only for business. According to the number of the consonants they represented, the phonograms have been separated into four-letter, three-letter, two-letter and one-letter. Dark haired woman: D. Mobility was not a main concern when communicating messages in this way. Anyway, if you wanted to show 43 amphorae, you had to carve 43 drawings of amphora. Houston ed. Nissen, H. The consistent use of this type of phonetic writing only becomes apparent after B.

It could be sliced into strips, and these strips were then soaked, bell tones Brit: and weaved together and finally pressed, allowing the natural sugars to act as glue. As I said, the writing that was born for administrative purposes was enriched by symbols having a phonetic value which allowed writing of words that were not possible to represent with a picture, such as the personal names and abstract concepts.

The symbols chosen to represent these sounds were often borrowed from Hieroglyphic pictures, so that the letter's name began with the letter's sound.

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History of the alphabet (video)