Write a definition of homologous chromosomes using gene and allele

Continue Reading. Later on during the s Harriet Creighton and Barbara McClintock were studying meiosis in corn cells and examining gene loci on corn chromosomes.

Each cell is haploid and contains half the number of chromosomes as the original cell. While in close proximity, homologous chromosomes sometimes exchange sections of DNA.

Alleles can sometimes result in different phenotypes observable traitswith certain alleles being dominant overriding the traits of other alleles or, in some cases, multiple alleles acting in a codominant fashion.

Homologous alleles are the alleles that inhabit these homologous loci. Both of these properties are the main factors for creating structural homology between chromosomes.

Alleles are also genetic sequences, and they too code for the transmission of traits. Using this logic he concluded that the two genes he was studying were located on homologous chromosomes. What type of alleles are present in an organism with a QQ genotype?

However, many traits defy this simple categorization and the phenotypes are modeled by co-dominance and polygenic inheritance. Where the heterozygote is indistinguishable from one of the homozygotes, the allele expressed is the one that leads to the "dominant" phenotype, [6] and the other allele is said to be "recessive".

MD is characterized by a gradual, irreversible wasting of skeletal muscle. Again, phenotype is the result of the combination or developmental interface of genotype and environment example include nutrients, sunshine for a plant, environmental mutagens, the language spoken in a place, etc.

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